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Violin Piano keys Instrument Clarinet
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Classical musical terms


k "köchel", used instead of opus numbers to designate the works of Mozart
  "kirkpatrick", used to designate the works of Domenico Scarlatti
kadenz cadence or cadenza
kalevala Finnish national epic, upon which are based several famous Finnish musical compositions
kamanja a form of Arabic music
kammer chamber
kanon canon
kantate cantata
kantele a traditional Finnish stringed instrument, laid flat on the knees or on a table, and plucked
kantor the name used to denote the person leading the singing or chanting in Jewish and early Christian worship. Kantor also denotes the director of music in a German protestant church
kantorei vocal ensemble in the employ of a court
kanun a many stringed Psalter
kanzone canzona
kapelle originally referring to the musical establishment of a private royal chapel, it came to mean any musical institution or orchestra
kapellmeister the director of music of a musical establishment, either of a king or prince, or of an opera-house or municipality. The term kapellmeistermusik has a pejorative implication, suggesting music that is correct but uninspired, a criticism widely if inaccurately applied to a number of 19th century composers now subject to re-evaluation.
kapodaster  capotasto
kazoo a type of mirliton, the kazoo is generally regarded today as a child's toy. When a player hums into one end of the cigar-shaped tube, a membrane covering a hole on one side of the tube vibrates, producing a buzzing sound
keen an Irish funeral song
kehraus the last dance
kent bugle a six-keyed bugle
kesselpauke kettledrums, timpani
kettledrum drum used in orchestra, made of brass or copper vessel with a calfskin head. Kettledrums generally come in pairs, and are tuned in fifths
key tonality, the tonal center of a composition
  the initial component of the action chain of a keyboard, the part that is struck with the fingers
  the levers controlling the covers for sound holes of a wind instrument
key characteristics the psychological differences between the various keys
key note principal and lowest note of the scale in which a piece of music is set
key relationship the musical relationship between two keys
key signature the way the key of any piece is denoted in the written score. all sharps or flats for the scale of that key are shown on the staff at the beginning of each line of music and whenever the key changes, throughout the score
keyboard a continuous arrangement of keys for the fingers, as with the piano, or for the feet, as with the pedal keyboard of certain types of organ
khorovod Russian folk-chorus
kielflugel harpsichord
kin small koto
kirche church
kit a small violin about 16 inches long
kit, drum kit drum set
kitchen department an irreverent description of the percussion section of an orchestra
kithara the most common instrument of ancient Greece. It had a sound box and two curved arms connected by a crosspiece. The kithara was strung with a varying number of strings.
klagend lamenting, complaining
klang sound
klangfarbe tone coloration
klappe key of wind instrument
klar clear
klarinette clarinet
klausel cadence
klaviatur keyboard
klavier any keyboard instrument. in modern usage it usually indicates the piano
knarre rattle
kniegeige viola da gamba
koboz Hungarian name for short necked lute
kolenda bohemian, Polish or Romanian Christmas carol
kollektivzug  composition stop of organ
kolorieren to insert coloratura into a piece
komplementarfigur a figure that passes between voices in keyboard music
kontakion a Byzantine style of melodic notation, undeciphered
konzert concert, concerto.
konzertmeister the leader of an orchestra (that is, the principal first violin) is known in German as a konzertmeister and in the U.S.A. as a concertmaster, the latter term now finding more general favor in other English speaking countries, apart from Great Britain, where the word leader is still preferred.
kopfstimme head voice
koppel coupler
kora a West African plucked stringed instrument, using a skin-covered gourd as a sound box
kornett a wooden or ivory wind instrument used during the renaissance period in ensemble music. It has a cup-shaped mouthpiece like a modern brass instrument but finger holes like a modern woodwind instrument
kortholt a double-reed instrument with a reed cap, also a curtal
koto a Japanese instrument, similar to a zither. The 13 strings are played by three plectrums worn on two fingers and the thumb.
kräftig strong, forceful
krakowiak Polish dance in syncopated 2
krebskanon crab canon
kreuz sharp
kreuzflote transverse flute
krummhorn organ stop,  also cromorne
kurz short
kyrie "Lord." in the mass, the first part of the ordinary



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